We all learnt in our school years that nutrients provide us with energy important to our growth and wellbeing. Macronutrients are nutrients that are needed in large amounts. For instance we utilise sodium in our diet but it is not needed in large quantities; it can even be harmful if we consume too much. There are 3 macronutrients: carbohydrates, proteins and fats; the amount of energy each macronutrient provides is different.
Carbohydrates – Come in the form of starch and sugar, these are the macronutrients needed in the largest amounts. When eaten and broken down, carbs provide the most energy – which is why we crave them the most. Some apps like My fitness pal recommend carbs make up 50% of your diet, while others completely remove carbs from your diet. This is done to reset your body, teaching it to utilise carbs more efficiently.
Proteins – Are broken down to produce amino acids. Our bodies use these acids in 3 main ways: in the production of new proteins needed for the growth and repair of tissues, making essential hormones and enzymes and to support immune function. If you want to gain muscle like many at No1 Fitness, boosting your protein intake will help you do this.
Fats – Some fat in the diet is essential for your health and wellbeing. It is recommended that 20–35% of our diet should be made of fats and oils; this is not an excuse to pig out on McDonalds! Try to replace saturated fat and trans fat with healthier unsaturated fat.